This is a view of the foot bones looking down from the top. The phalanges, metatarsals, cuneiforms, cuboid, navicular, talus and calcaneus are labeled and pronunciations are shown on the right.
A. phalanges (fuh - LAN - gees)
B. lesser metatarsals (meh - tuh - TAR - suls)
C. 1st metatarsal (meh - tuh - TAR - sul)
D. cuneiforms (kyoo - NEE - uh - forms)
E: cuboid (KYOO - boid)
F. navicular (nuh - VIK - yuh - lur)
G. talus (tey - luhs)
H. calcaneus (kal - KEH - nee - us)
This is a view of the foot looking at the foot from the side. The foot bones are labeled with pronunciation given. Note that there are two accessory bones labeled that do not occur in all feet, they are the os peroneum, that can occur on the outside of the cuboid and the os vesalianum which occurs at the base of the 5th metatarsal.
A. fibula (fib - U - luh)
B. tibia (tib - EE - uh)
C. talus (tey - luhs)
D. navicular (nuh - VIK - yuh - lur)
E. cuneiforms (kyoo - NEE - uh - forms)
F. calcaneus (kal - KEH - nee - us)
G. cuboid (KYOO - boid)
H. os peroneum (oz per - UH - nee - um)
I. os vesalianum (oz veh - sah - lee - ah - nem)
J. styloid process (sty - loid)
K. 5th metatarsal (meh - tuh - TAR - sul)
L. 5th metatarsal phalangeal joint (meh - tuh - TAR - sul fal - ahn - ge - al)
M. phalanges (fuh - LAN - gees)
Looking at the foot from the side, each image highlights the individual bones, the phalanges, the metatarsal, cuneiform, cuboid, navicular, talus and calcaneus.
Phalanges: The bones in the toes are called phalanges.
Metatarsals: The bones in the middle of the foot are called metatarsal bones.
Cuneiforms: There are three bones in the middle of the foot, towards the center of the body called cuneiforms.
Cuboid: The bone sitting adjacent to the cuneiforms on the outside of the foot is called the cuboid.
Navicular: This bone sits behind the cuneiforms.
Talus: Also called the ankle bone, the talus sits directly behind the navicular.
Calcaneus: Also called the heel bone, the calcaneus sits under the talus and behind the cuboid.
Foot and Ankle Anatomy: information and images of foot and ankle anatomy including anatomy orientation and structures labeled.
Tendons and Ligaments: information on foot and ankle tendons and ligaments including the extensor tendons, the flexor tendons and the ligaments of the ankle.
Great Toe Joint: diagrams of the structures of the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint, known as the big toe joint or the great toe joint.
Toenail Anatomy: Diagrams, illustrations and descriptions of the toenail.
Biomechanics: information on foot function and the mechanics of the foot. Definitions for dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, eversion, supination and pronation.
Terminology/medical dictionary: definitions of medical terms and structures relating to the foot and ankle.
last updated 4/30/15
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