Loading... Please wait...
  Home    Foot Anatomy    Ball of Foot Pain    Bunions     Glossary    Flatfeet    Fungal Toenails    Heel Pain     Neuromas    Shoes    Tendonitis   

Foot Anatomy: Bones

Bones in the Foot: Top View

This is a view of the foot bones looking down from the top. The phalanges, metatarsals, cuneiforms, cuboid, navicular, talus and calcaneus are labeled and pronunciations are shown on the right.


 Foot anatomy, bones labeled

A. phalanges (fuh - LAN - gees)

B. lesser metatarsals (meh - tuh - TAR - suls)

C. 1st metatarsal (meh - tuh - TAR - sul)

D. cuneiforms (kyoo - NEE - uh - forms)

E: cuboid (KYOO - boid)

F. navicular (nuh - VIK - yuh - lur)

G. talus (tey - luhs)

H. calcaneus (kal - KEH - nee - us)




Bones in the Foot: Side View Anatomy

This is a view of the foot looking at the foot from the side. The foot bones are labeled with pronunciation given. Note that there are two accessory bones labeled that do not occur in all feet, they are the os peroneum, that can occur on the outside of the cuboid and the os vesalianum which occurs at the base of the 5th metatarsal.

Foot anatomy, bones labeled lateral view

A. fibula (fib - U - luh)

B. tibia (tib - EE - uh)

C. talus (tey - luhs)

D. navicular (nuh - VIK - yuh - lur)

E. cuneiforms (kyoo - NEE - uh - forms)

F. calcaneus (kal - KEH - nee - us)

G. cuboid (KYOO - boid)

H. os peroneum (oz  per - UH - nee - um)

I. os vesalianum (oz  veh - sah - lee - ah - nem)

J. styloid process (sty - loid)

K. 5th metatarsal (meh - tuh - TAR - sul)

L. 5th metatarsal phalangeal joint (meh - tuh - TAR - sul  fal - ahn - ge - al)

M. phalanges (fuh - LAN - gees)


Individual Foot Bones: Side View Anatomy

Looking at the foot from the side, each image highlights the individual bones, the phalanges, the metatarsal, cuneiform, cuboid, navicular, talus and calcaneus.


Distal phalanx of the foot distal phalanx
Proximal phalanx small bone in the foot proximal phalanx
First metatarsal long bone in the foot 1st metatarsal
Cuboid tarsal bone in the foot cuboid
Cuneiform tarsal bone in the foot cuneiform
Navicular tarsal bone of the foot navicular
Talus tarsal bone of the foot talus
anatomy-calcaneus-heel-bone.jpg calcaneus


Description of the foot bonesDescription of the bones in the foot

Phalanges: The bones in the toes are called phalanges.

Metatarsals: The bones in the middle of the foot are called metatarsal bones.

Cuneiforms: There are three bones in the middle of the foot, towards the center of the body called cuneiforms.

Cuboid: The bone sitting adjacent to the cuneiforms on the outside of the foot is called the cuboid.

Navicular: This bone sits behind the cuneiforms.

Talus: Also called the ankle bone, the talus sits directly behind the navicular.

Calcaneus: Also called the heel bone, the calcaneus sits under the talus and behind the cuboid.


More Foot Anatomy Information, Images and Diagrams

Foot and Ankle Anatomy: information and images of foot and ankle anatomy including anatomy orientation and structures labeled.

Tendons and Ligaments: information on foot and ankle tendons and ligaments including the extensor tendons, the flexor tendons and the ligaments of the ankle.

Great Toe Joint: diagrams of the structures of the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint, known as the big toe joint or the great toe joint.

Toenail Anatomy: Diagrams, illustrations and descriptions of the toenail.

Biomechanics: information on foot function and the mechanics of the foot. Definitions for dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, eversion, supination and pronation.

Terminology/medical dictionary: definitions of medical terms and structures relating to the foot and ankle.

top of page




last updated 4/30/15

Disclaimer: The advice on this website is not intended to substitute for a visit to your health care provider. We will not be held liable for any diagnosis made or treatment recommended. Consult your doctor if you feel you have a medical problem.