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Nerves in the Foot

Neurovascular Structures in the Foot


Foot anatomy image with the nerves labeled "Neuro" refers to nerve and "vascular" refers to the veins and arteries, hence the term neurovascular. In the foot diagram on the right the nerves are represented by the yellow structures, the arteries are represented by the red structures and the veins are represented by the blue structures. Nerves carry sensory and movement information to and from the brain. Arteries carry blood with oxygen and nutrients from the heart to the feet. Veins carry blood without oxygen or nutrients and with CO2 and byproducts from the feet back to the heart.


Nerve impingement

The foot diagram above shows the sensory nerves in the foot. The main nerves which control movement in the foot, branch much higher in the leg. The three nerves shown in the above illustration are:

    •    superficial peroneal nerve

    •    dorsal intermediate cutaneous nerve

    •    dorsal medial cutaneous nerve

The superficial peroneal nerve branches off the common peroneal nerve which wraps around the knee. The common peroneal nerve is a branch off the sciatic nerve.

In the image below, you can see the three common areas of pain associated with nerve entrapment in the foot. The highlighted area are associated with the pain, burning or electrical sensation an individual will feel when they have a nerve entrapment.



More information on nerve impingement.

Information on neuropathy.

Information on painful diabetic neuropathy.



last updated 4/22/15

Disclaimer: The advice on this website is not intended to substitute for a visit to your health care provider. We will not be held liable for any diagnosis made or treatment recommended. Consult your doctor if you feel you have a medical problem.